The proposed changes to citizenship and immigration law were drafted by the opposition CDU party, who said they wanted “to provide better protection against the further consolidation and spread of anti-Semitism ‘immigrated’ from abroad”.
The draft law sets out a number of amendments that would make a foreigner’s right to citizenship conditional on their acceptance of the state of Israel and the absence of anti-Semitic views or offences.
In concrete terms, foreigners who want to naturalise as Germans would have to explicitly acknowledge Israel’s right to exist and would be barred from citizenship if they had “pursued endeavours directed against the state of Israel”.
If there are “factual, unsubstantiated indications of an anti-Semitic attitude on the part of the applicant”, foreigners would also be blocked from ever obtaining a German passport.
In addition, the conservatives are pushing to include a new clause in the nationality law that would allow citizens with multiple nationalities to be stripped of their German passport.
“Persons with at least one other nationality lose their German citizenship if they are convicted of an anti-Semitic offence and sentenced to at least one year in prison,” the bill states.
This would impact not just newly naturalised Germans, but also those born in Germany to foreign parents who have kept their parents’ citizenship.
Refugees, meanwhile, would forfeit their right to humanitarian protection if they were convicted of an anti-Semitic offence carrying a prison sentence of six months or more.
Friday will see the bill put to its first reading – the first stage of the parliamentary process in which no votes take place. On its third reading, it would need the support of government parties like the Social Democrats (SPD), Greens and Free Democrats (FDP) – or opposition parties like the far-right AfD – in order to pass into law.
A coalition of just a few of these parties backing up the CDU would likely give it the votes it needs, for example the CDU and SPD or the CDU, FDP and AfD.
However, it is unclear if other parties support the proposals.
‘We’ve imported hatred of Jews’
The CDU’s push to toughen up citizenship law comes after weeks of heated debate following the outbreak of the Israel-Hamas war.
On October 7th, a shock terror attack by Hamas saw at least 1,200 citizens of Israel murdered on Israeli soil, with around 200 civilians subsequently taken hostage.
Since then, Israel’s relentless bombardment of the Gaza Strip has reportedly caused more than 10,000 civilian deaths, 40 percent of whom are thought to be children.
Pro-Palestine demonstrations in regions with a high population of foreigners have sparked discussions over whether the country’s migrant population – including many second- and third-generation Turkish migrants and Syrian refugees – are truly aligned with German values.
“We’ve imported hatred of Jews,” said CDU fraction head Dirk Stettner in a recent interview with Tagesspiegel.
In its latest draft law aimed at toughening up citizenship and asylum laws, the party states that those campaigning in favour of Palestine are “obviously immigrants from the countries of North Africa and the Near and Middle East, where anti-Semitism and hostility towards Israel have a particular breeding ground, as well as their descendants”.
For this reason, the party adds, “the instruments of residence, asylum and citizenship law must be used more consistently than before” in the fight against anti-Semitism.
Delays to citizenship reform
Amid growing fears and suspicions in the wake of October 7th, a flagship reform aimed at liberalising Germany’s citizenship laws was quietly removed from the parliamentary agenda.
The coalition of SPD, Greens and FDP had aimed to bring a first reading of the bill – which among other things will permit dual nationality for non-EU citizens – to the Bundestag on November 9th.
According to SPD MP Hakan Demir, however, the FDP demanded that the reforms be delayed until new provisions to fight anti-Semitism could be included in the legislation.
“The question mark that they have right now is if the new citizenship act is good enough to prevent anyone who is anti-Semitic from getting German citizenship,” Demir told The Local.
This could include asking would-be Germans to explicitly acknowledge Israel’s right to exist as part of the naturalisation process.
According to FDP sources, the bill could still go to the Bundestag in the week of November 27th, assuming amendments are made by then.
The Local has contacted the CDU, FDP and Interior Ministry for comment but at the time of publication had not received a response.